bigpigeon.us webpage WW II - Germany > ETO > Allies Stymied, updated by RAC 23 Apr 1920.
The ETO history in the Fall of 1944 mostly tells of a series of bloody battles with minimal gains as the Allies sought to dislodge German forces from their fortifications along the western border of Germany.
Links to the WW II - The ETO - Fall 1944 subordinate webpages (copied from WW II - Germany > ETO)
The Allies Stymied, Sep - Dec '44. (updated 27 Jul '19)
After the precipitate withdrawal of German forces from most of France and Belgium in the late summer of 1944, some expected an early end to World War II in Europe. Unfortunately, this was not the case.
- Allied supply needs outstripped the amount available at the front lines.
- Allied forces dissipated lives and resources by engaging in several poorly conceived and planned offensives.
- The German Army reorganized behind the Siegfried Line, also known as the West Wall, a line of fortifications and obstacles shown in red on the next map.
- German surrender at this time would have been impossible due to the degree of control exercised by Adolph Hitler.
Timeline for The Allies Stymied phase of operations in western Europe
The Siegfried Line included many hundreds of concrete fortifications and many thousands of concrete obstacles. An observant motorist can still see some remains while driving in Germany near the border.
Shown in red on the map on the right are the Allied gains from September 15 to December 15 of 1944.
In the northern sector gains were primarily due to:
Unlike the Battle of Normandy in June and July of 1944 which ended with the liberation of France, the autumn of 1944 ended badly for the Allies as the German army staged massive counterattacks. To add to the misery, most US troops had not been issued suitable winter clothing.
Sources for the WW II - The Allies Stymied webpage
- The header photo of British prisoners of war at Arnhem in the failed September 1944 Market-Garden operation is courtesy of argunners.com, an on-line war history magazine.
- The Siegfried Line (courtesy of bergersdespierres-moselle.fr)
- The ETO - 15 Sep 1944 map is taken from page 227 of Riviera to the Rhine, which is on-line at https://history.army.mil/html/books/007/7-10-1/CMH_Pub_7-10-1.pdf
- The Aachen - Cologne Region map is courtesy of d-maps.com.