bigpigeon.us webpage Home > Resources - WW II > WW II Personnel Lists, updated by RAC 25 Mar 2021. New webpage 15 Mar '21, links checked 31 Mar '21.
Pottawattamie County, Iowa Area WW II Dead - Personnel Lists Webpage Overview:
- This webpage lists web-based personnel-related resources used in building the Pottawattamie Area WW II Dead roster. I used a combination of free and pay websites.
- The Big Pigeon webpages WW II Free Sites and WW II Pay Sites have links to other kinds of WW II web resources.
- Until 1947, the War and Navy Departments kept separate records and issued separate reports. The Air Force was part of the Army and the Navy Dept. administrated the Marine Corps.
- After WW II ended, the United States classified all missing as dead. Thus lists of the dead include those whose remains were never found or identified.
- In 1947, the War and Navy Departments were combined into the Defense Department.
Pottawattamie Area WW II Dead - Personnel Lists Webpage Organization:
- WW II draft records.
- WW II induction records.
- WW II personnel lists not casualty-related.
- WW II wounded.
- WW II prisoners of war - POWs.
- WW II unaccounted for -
- WW II dead - KIA, DOW, DNB.
- WW II burials and cemeteries.
Some cautions about the databases cited below:
- Databases may be incomplete.
- Some databases include periods other than WW II.
- Some databases include records for other than WW II decedents.
- Some databases contain multiple entries for one person.
- Army-specific databases include US Army Air Force.
==> 1 - WW II Draft Records:
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2238/ - World War II Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947, 54,293,029 records.
- search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1002 - World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942 (old men), 15,293,445 records.
WW II Draft registration dates (courtesy of familysearch.org):
- First Registration October 16, 1940: males ages 21 to 35 "within the continental United States"
- Second Registration July 1, 1941: males "who had reached 21 since the first registration"
- Third Registration February 16, 1942: between the ages of 20 and 45 "who had not previously registered"
- Fourth Registration April 27, 1942: between the ages of 45 and 65 "not eligible for military service" This registration is not included in this collection.
- Fifth Registration June 30, 1942: between the ages of 18 and 20
- Sixth Registration December 10-31, 1942: "those who reached the age of 18 after November 12, 1942"
- Additional Registration between November 16 and December 31, 1943: "citizens living abroad between the ages of 18 and 45"
16 September 1940: The Selective Service and Training Act was signed into law by President Roosevelt.
29 October 1940: The first draftees were chosen by lottery, 6,175 men with the number 158.
==> 2 - WW II Induction Records
- search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8939 - WW II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946, 8,369,212 records.
- https://ia800906.us.archive.org/15/items/suppreportadjutant1941/suppreportadjutant1941.pdf - 1941 Iowa National Guard induction roster.
- https://armyranger.com/world-war-ii-european/1st-ranger-battalion/ - original list of 1st Ranger Bn. members.
- Nine million plus US Army/AAF WW II era (1938-1946) induction records (both draft and enlistment) in first two entriess. The second entry is free courtesy of the National Archives.
- The Jan/Feb 1941 Iowa National Guard induction roster was published 1944 by Iowa State Adjutant General. Slow loading.
- The armyranger.com entry is taken from the original 19 Jun 1942 roster of the 1st Ranger Bn. (Darby's Rangers), the precursor of today's Army Special Forces. It includes a number of Pottawattamie area men. Entries are listed by rank.
==> 3 - WW II personnel lists not casualty-related (some are not specific to WW II)
- search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1143 - WW II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949, 33,039,896 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1089/ - Marine Corps Muster Rolls, 1798-1958, 39,841,896 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2441/ - Dept. of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850-2010, 14,465,013 records.
- The Navy muster rolls were for crews on Navy ships.
==> 4 - WW II Wounded Records
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/61817/ - Hospital Admission Card Files, 1942-1954 (Army/AAF only, cursory data), 6,886,199 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1122/ - Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1945, both dead & wounded, 150,715 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/70837/ - Marine Corps Casualty Indexes, 1940-1958, both dead & wounded, 115,570 records.
- The record counts on the casualty indices are inconsistent.
==> 5 - WW II Prisoner of War Records
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8919/ - World War II American and Allied Prisoners of War, 1941-1946, 143,374 records.
- https://aad.archives.gov/aad/fielded-search.jsp?dt=466&tf=F&cat=WR26&bc=,sl - WW II American and Allied Prisoners of War, 1941-1946, 143,374 records.
- https://aad.archives.gov/aad/series-description.jsp?s=644&cat=WR26&bc=,sl - WW II Prisoners of War Data File, 143,374 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2178/ - WW II Prisoners of the Japanese, 1941-1945, 29,877 records.
- https://aad.archives.gov/aad/series-description.jsp?s=4277&cat=WR26&bc=,sl&col=1215 - WW II Prisoners of the Japanese File, 29,879 records.
- http://www.mansell.com/pow_resources/pacific_pow_roster.html - American POWs held by the Japanese in the Philippines.
- https://onedrive.live.com/view.aspx?resid=BA8DF9397916A026!586992&cid=ba8df9397916a026&authkey=!AILhDGlwQ6jSixo - American POWS from the Philippines, processed through Bilibad Prison, and then transported on Hell Ships, Microsoft Excel file.
- https://www.west-point.org/family/japanese-pow/Rosters.htm - links to various rosters containing information about US POWs held by the Japanese.
- Several entries are from the National Archives Access to Archival Databases (AAD) series.
- Most of those listed in the last three entries were captured during the Fall of the Philippines, in early 1942.
- The sixth entry, the work of the late Roger Mansell, includes Philippine Scouts, coded as PS, who were Filipino members of the US Army. It includes most POW deaths in the Philippines.
- The seventh entry, the work of Robert Logan Hudson, lists those who passed through Bilibid Prison (evidently most captured at Corregidor). Most were transported from the Philippines on Hell Ships or were found alive in Japanese POW camps in the Philippines in early 1945. Most POW deaths in the Philippines are not listed. 12,710 Army (including a few British) and 310 civilians are listed.
- I doubt if members of the Filipino Commonwealth Army, who were mostly reservists, are included in any of these lists. However, I believe Philippine Scouts are included in appropriate lists.
==> 6 - WW II Unaccounted For Records
Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) links:
- https://www.dpaa.mil - Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) website.
- https://dpaa-mil.sites.crmforce.mil/dpaaOurMissing - master list of US unaccounted for from all wars starting with WW II.
- https://www.dpaa.mil/portals/85/Documents/WWIIAccounting/iowa.html - list of WW II Iowa unaccounted for - all services.
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/Documents/WWIIAccounting/united_states_army.html - WW II US Army ground troops (about 16,000), often with unit identification.
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/Documents/WWIIAccounting/united_states_army_air_forces.html - WW II USAAF (about 20,000), often with unit identification.
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/Documents/WWIIAccounting/united_states_navy.html - WW II US Navy (about 31,000), often with unit identification.
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/Documents/WWIIAccounting/united_states_marine_corps.html - WW II US Marine Corps (2,837), lacks unit identification.
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/WWIIAccounting/wwii_una_CIVILIAN_20210326.pdf - WW II Civilian (874).
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/WWIIAccounting/wwii_una_COAST%20GUARD_20210326.pdf - WW II Coast Guard (613).
- https://www.dpaa.mil/Portals/85/WWIIAccounting/wwii_una_MERCHANT%20MARINE_20210326.pdf - WW II Merchant Marine (429), includes the decedent's ship.
- In WW II, missing status was changed to dead, usually after one year. The unaccounted for status includes those whose bodies were not recovered, or were recovered but not identified.
- The US Army list includes Philippine Scouts, Filipino members of special US Army units.
- The Merchant Marine list is incomplete.
Other unaccounted for links:
- https://www.fold3.com/search?general.title.id=95%3AMissing+Air+Crew+Reports%2C+WWII - WW II USAAF Missing Air Crew Reports.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1199/ - WW II Military Personnel Missing In Action or Lost At Sea, 1941-1946, 80,427 records.
- The Missing Air Crew Reports include all crew members, whether they survived or not.
==> WW II Dead Records
1946 official War Department WW II casualty lists for Iowa (Army & Army Air Force):
- https://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/army-casualties/iowa.html - WW II Honor List of Dead & Missing - Iowa, organized by county; not searchable, 31 pages.
- https://www.archives.gov/research/military/ww2/navy-casualties/iowa.html - includes wounded & POW, alphabetical by casualty type, not searchable, 45 pages.
- https://www.naval-history.net/WW2UScasStateIowa.htm - searchable version of above with dead only.
- Near the top of these lists are links for other states.
- The Navy Department lists exclude Individuals who died from non-combat causes.
- All lists exclude individuals who died from service-related causes after release from service.
- The Navy Department lists include next of kin name and address but don't include service numbers.
Other Nationwide WW II Dead Lists:
- http://usaafdata.com/?q=search - WW II Army Air Force dead, 74,242 records.
- http://www.naval-history.net/WW2USCas.htm - WW II Navy, Marine & Coast Guard WW II dead with unit information, organized by state.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1122/ - Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1945, both dead & wounded, 150,715 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/70837/ - Marine Corps Casualty Indexes, 1940-1958 - dead & wounded.
- https://www.fold3.com/browse/hUe8IYLaS?military.conflict=World+War+II - WW II US Marine Corps Casualty Indices with unit information.
Service-wide list of the US WW II dead:
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1102/ - Rosters of WW II Dead, 1939-1945, 357,086 records.
- This is the only service-wide list WW II list of dead known to me. It contains name, service number, service branch, and cause-of-death code, as well as other fields. It is barely legible in places and lacks some names.
Iowa WW II Bonus Case Files:
- search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8825 - Iowa WW II Bonus Case Files, 1947-1954, 240,951 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/61186/ - Iowa WW II Bonus Case Files for Beneficiaries, 19,760 records.
- After WW II ended, the Iowa legislature awarded a bonus of up to $500 to Iowans who served in WW II, or to their beneficiary if deceased. For unmarried decedents, the primary beneficiary was the mother. This was hard for some fathers to grasp, and a fair number of ineligible fathers also applied for the payment.
WW II Deaths for selected units or actions:
For the US Army:
- http://www.34thinfantry.com/documents/doc-cas-168.html - WW II KIA & WIA 168th Inf. Regt. members; peacetime headquarters Council Bluffs, IA; access remaining 34th Inf. Div. deaths from this webpage. Broken link Mar 2021.
- http://www.americanairmuseum.com/person - list of 232,544 Eighth & Ninth Air Force personnel; from the American Air Museum in England; over 20,000 died.
- https://www.usswestvirginia.org/ph/phlist.php - full 1941 Pearl Harbor death list, including Army & civilians.
- http://www.oneternalpatrol.com/wwii.htm - WW II US Submarine Service deaths.
- http://www.usmm.org/casualty.html - WW II US Merchant Marine casualties.
County-Specific WW II Dead Lists:
For Pottawattamie County, Iowa:
- http://iagenweb.org/wwii/WWIIRollofHonor/PottawattamieRollofHonor.html - brief records for known Pott. Co. WW II dead, compiled by Sharon L. Becker; some have parents’ names and address and unit or death information.
- http://genealogytrails.com/iowa/pottawattamie/veterans_plaza.htm - war dead from the Pott. Co. Veterans' Plaza wall in Bayliss Park, Council Bluffs; all wars included.
- http://genealogytrails.com/iowa/pottawattamie/wwii_army_air_casualties.htm - 1946 War Dept. list of WW II Pott. Co. dead, transcribed by Kathy Danielson, searchable, no service numbers.
- http://files.usgwarchives.net/ia/pottawattamie/military/pottwwii.txt - 1946 War Dept. list of WW II Pott. Co. dead, transcribed by Nettie Mae Lucas, searchable, some transcription errors.
- http://iagenweb.org/wwii/WWIICountyIndex/Pottawattamie/Pottawattamie.html - mostly Council Bluffs Nonpareil articles about WW II dead, some recent articles about survivors are included.
- https://www.councilbluffslibrary.org/archive/files/original/f0e919e097cbef16856e57375811b47e.pdf - 1946 Council Bluffs Abraham Lincoln High School Crimson & Blue yearbook. The Last Full Measure page lists students who died in WW II.
==> WW II Burials and Cemeteries Records
1 - American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC):
- http://www.abmc.gov - basic ABMC information.
- https://www.abmc.gov/database-search - search ABMC cemetery burial lists.
- http://www.abmc.gov/sites/default/files/2021-01/ABMC-Commemorative-Sites-Booklet_DEC2020.pdf - additional ABMC information (62 pages), slow to load.
- The ABMC manages 26 overseas cemeteries for WW I and WW II dead.
- The ABMC also manages memorials within WW II ABMC cemeteries and in several other locations. These memorials list the WW II missing (i.e., unaccounted for).
2 - National Cemetery Administration (NCA):
- https://www.cem.va.gov/cem/cems/allnational.asp - list of all 155 national cemeteries.
- https://www.cem.va.gov/cem/cems/allstate.asp - list of all state veterans cemeteries.
- https://m.va.gov/gravelocator/index.cfm - search national and state veterans cemetery burial lists.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2462/ - Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S., National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific (Punchbowl), 1941-2011, 78,192 records.
- The NCA, which manages the 155 national cemeteries, is part of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
- The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is the largest NCA cemetery.
3 - Arlington National Cemetery:
- https://www.arlingtoncemetery.mil/#!/ - ~300,000 burials.
- Arlington National Cemetery is managed by the US Army.
- I was unable to get the search feature to work on 22 Mar 2021.
National Archives & Records Administration (NARA) holdings via ancestry.com (some are from other wars):
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/2375/ - Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1925-1970, 2,905,615 records. This was a key database for my Pottawattamie Area Dead project.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8750/ - U.S., Veterans' Gravesites, ca.1775-2019, 9,365,082 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3135/ - Burial Registers, Military Posts and National Cemeteries, 1862-1960, 556,034 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/9170/ - headstone and Interment Records for U.S., Military Cemeteries on Foreign Soil, 1942-1949, 461,322 records.
- https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/4283/ - WW II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas, 159,582 records.
Additional United States Military Cemetery and Memorial Information:
- https://www.7tharmddiv.org/cemeterycodes.pdf - temporary US cemeteries during World War II.
- https://www.fold3.com/title/1089/wwii-buried-at-sea-2016-dpaa-list - buried at sea (6,329 records).
- https://www.abmc.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Fact%20Sheet%20-%20Cabanatuan%20Memorial%20Names%2018FEB2015.pdf - Cabanutan Prisoner of War camp, Philippines known dead, almost all were US servicemen.
Findagrave entries for US WW II dead who served in Army and Marine Corps divisions:
- https://www.findagrave.com/virtual-cemetery/search/47296194 - virtual cemeteries compiled by Jeff Hall.
The WW II Dead - Links webpage header:
- During WW II, the 7th Service Command performed rear-echelon US Army tasks over a nine-state area. Headquarters was in the 1933 art deco Federal Building at 15th and Dodge in Omaha, which still survives as a hotel. Because of Iowa's WW II presence in the 7th Service Command, the second digit of my 1954 service number was 7. Enlistees numbers started with 17, draftees with 37.